Minotaur is a new 16 mm film created by Daria Martin depicting a duet choreographed by the legendary dance and movement pioneer Anna Halprin based on the 1886 sculpture Minotaur by sculptor Auguste Rodin. Martin has carefully edited the film to juxtapose the movements of the two dancers with close-up views of Rodin's sculpture, images of the sculpture in a book, views of the wooded exterior of Halprin’s Northern California studio where the dance takes place, and shots of Halprin herself. In doing so, she creates a complex and multilayered synthesis of various art forms—film, dance, and sculpture—while simultaneously meditating on the process through which art is made, and the shifting sexual dynamics between men and women as embodied in both the sculpture and Halprin's performative re-imagination of it.
According to classical Greek myth, the Minotaur was a monster, the half-bull, half-human offspring of the King of Crete, Minos. It was confined to the center of a labyrinth that confounded the young men and women who were ritually sacrificed to the beast. This myth provided substantial inspiration for Rodin and numerous artists of the twentieth century, including Max Ernst, Pablo Picasso, Man Ray, and Robert Morris, among others, as well as dancers like Martha Graham. Modernist representations of the Minotaur myth have concentrated either on the formal dynamics of the labyrinth, or on the beast itself as a raw force at odds with its surroundings and fate, or sexually overpowering a female subject.
Halprin’s dance as captured by Martin reconsiders the relationship between a male Minotaur figure, performed by a robust older dancer, and a younger woman as his captive nymph. Shifting between their faces and intertwined bodies, the camera moves around them to capture their intensely sensual and achingly deliberate movements. Mysterious reflections on the surface of the bronze sculpture and views of the surrounding wooded landscape are intercut with additional footage of Halprin as she pours through images of Rodin’s sculptures that echo the shifting positions of the dancers. As the performance reaches its climax, the nymph establishes her independence from the Minotaur, circumnavigating him, and ultimately meeting his defeated gaze with a look that changes from calm self-assuredness to a sadness bordering on melancholy. This look, directed ostensibly at the Minotaur, is redirected through a strategic jump cut to meet Halprin’s eyes. The camera then pans down the choreographer’s face to reveal a wry grin that suggests an air of personal, aesthetic, and perhaps even sexual satisfaction.
Minotaur features many characteristics of Martin’s filmmaking in the past decade, including intertwining unconventional performance and music; cinematically self-reflexive techniques; and a rigorous emphasis on materials, surfaces, and sculptural stagecraft. The complex layering of these elements challenges a conventional understanding of cinema as an inherently disembodied cultural form. The film extends her placement of objects, bodies, sounds, and movements within a sculpturally engaged filmic space to render our visual experience palpably and often uncomfortably manifest.
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This exhibition is curated by Dominic Molon, Curator, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago.
This project was made possible by the generous assistance of Maureen Paley, London.
Cast: Joy Cosculluela, Anna Halprin, and G Hoffman Soto.
Crew: Choreographer, Anna Halprin; Composer, Matmos; Director of Photography, Jon Else; Editor, Guy Ducker; Line Producer, Tom Dingle; Production Manager, Shylah Hamilton; Production Services, Complex Corporation; Additonal Photography, Michael Chin; 1st Camera Assistants, John Gazdik and Paul Marbury; Gaffers, Peter Thomas and Dave Cherry; Sound Recordists, Colin Blackshear and Nick Rupiper; Sound Editor, Quentin Chiapetta; Additional Music, Lisle Ellis; Stills Photographer, Sean Donnelly; Costume Designer, Emily Hagen; Production Assistants, Donna Chung, Jennifer Connelly, Melissa Howden, Job Piston, Chadwick Rantanen, and Merav Tzur.
Thanks to Bernard Barryte, Cantor Arts Center, Stephanie Earle, David Martin, Dominic Molon, Mountain Home Studio, and Len Thornton.
“Daria Martin: Minotaur” is part of The Three M Project, a series organized by the New Museum, New York; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; and the Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, to commission, organize and co-present new works of art.
ABOUT “NEW COMMISSIONS” AND THE THREE MUSEUM (Three M) PROJECT In 2004, The Three M Project was conceived and developed together with the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, and the Hammer Museum in Los Angeles, to jointly commission, exhibit, and acquire important works of contemporary art by artists whose work has not yet received significant recognition. All three museums share a collaborative vision and entrepreneurial spirit, and the belief that ambitious projects on a national scale can be produced through efficiency, knowledge, and resource sharing. The partnership, now in its second cycle, involves four new commissions by Jeremy Deller, Daria Martin, Mathias Poledna, and Urban China. Together, these exhibitions will be presented simultaneously in “New Commissions” at the New Museum. The Three M project is directed by leading curators from each museum: Laura Hoptman, Kraus Family Senior Curator, New Museum; Elizabeth Smith, James W. Alsdorf Chief Curator, with Dominic Molon, Curator, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; and Ali Subotnik, Curator, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles.